Dr John Hewson is an Australian economist, company director and a former politician, who served as federal leader of the Liberal Party of Australia from 1990 -1994. John Hewson was born in 1946 in Carlton, New South Wales. He was educated at Kogarah High School and then at the University of Sydney where he graduated in economics. He then gained a master's degree from the Regina campus of the University of Saskatchewan and a second master's and a doctorate in economics from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. Returning to Australia, Hewson worked as an economist for the Reserve Bank of Australia. From 1976 to 1983 he was employed as an economic advisor to two successive Liberal treasurers. During this period he developed a keen interest in politics and was determined to enter politics himself. In 1987 Hewson was elected to the House of Representatives in the seat of Wentworth. He served as Shadow Finance Minister, Shadow Treasurer and Shadow Minister for Industry and Commerce and was elected Leader of the Liberal Party and the Federal Coalition in Opposition after Andrew Peacock was defeated at the 1990 election. In 1991 Hewson launched economic policy package 'Fightback!', a radical economic policy package, which was heavily criticised by Prime Minister Paul Keating. Hewson was defeated by Keating at the 1993 election, losing what many had described as 'the unloseable election' for the Liberals. In February 1995 Hewson resigned from Parliament, after having one of the shortest careers of any political party leader in Australian politics. Since his departure from politics, Hewson has served as a director of a number of companies and has written extensively for the business and general press, and spent time on the lecture circuit.