Betty Cuthbert is a former Australian sprinter and a fourfold Olympic champion. Born in 1938, Cuthbert grew up in Sydney and began running at the age of eight. As an 18-year-old she competed at the 1956 Melbourne Olympics won gold in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4x100 metres relay. She became the first Australian athlete of either sex to win three Gold medals at a single Olympics, earning her the nickname ‘The Golden Girl’. In 1964 Betty Cuthbert sealed her career with a gold medal victory in the 400 metres final at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, before officially retiring from athletics. During her career Cuthbert set 16 official world records, either as an individual or in relay teams. In 1969 she was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, and began actively campaigning for research funds for the Multiple Sclerosis Society. In 1984, she was made a Member of the Order of Australia (AM) for her services to sport and the community. Cuthbert was one of the bearers of the Olympic Torch at the Opening Ceremony of the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney. In 2012 Cuthbert was one of the inaugural inductees of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) new Hall of Fame.