Clive James is an Australian author, critic, broadcaster, poet, translator and memoirist, best known for his autobiographical series Unreliable Memoirs, for his chat shows and documentaries on British television and for his prolific journalism. James was born in Kogarah, a southern suburb of Sydney in 1939. He was educated at Sydney University and Cambridge, where he was President of Footlights. The Observer hired him as a television reviewer in 1972, and for 10 years his weekly column was one of the most famous regular features in Fleet Street journalism. During this period he gradually became a prominent television performer himself, and over the next two decades he wrote and presented countless studio series and specials, as well as pioneering the postcard format of travel programmes. In 2008 he was awarded the George Orwell Special Prize for a lifetime achievement in journalism and broadcasting.