Bart Cummings was an Australian racehorse trainer who won The Melbourne Cup a record twelve times. Bart Cummings was born in South Australia in 1927, the son of the accomplished trainer Jim Cummings. He began his career working for his father as a strapper received his trainer licence in 1953. His first significant win came in 1958, when he won the South Australian Derby, the same year he bought his first yearling. Cummings won his first Trainer's Premiership in the 1965–1966 season and achieved his first Melbourne Cup victory in 1965, as well as the Adelaide, Caulfield, Sandown, Sydney, Brisbane and Queen's cups. In 1968, Cummings opened stables, now called Saintly Lodge, at Flemington in Melbourne, home of the Flemington Racecourse. Later that year, he won the Trainer's Premiership in both Victoria and South Australia, a feat which he would replicate in the 1969 and 1970 seasons. In 1990, Cummings-trained racehorse ‘Kingston Rule’ won the 1990 Melbourne Cup in a record time of 3:16:3, which remains unbeaten. To date, Cummings has achieved 266 Group 1 victories and more than 762 stakes victories, with his latest stakes win in the Group 3 Kindergarten Stakes which was won by Hallowed Crown at Royal Randwick on Saturday April 12 2014. In addition to his 12 Melbourne Cups, he has won the Caulfield Cup seven times, the Golden Slipper Stakes four times, the Cox Plate five times, the VRC Oaks nine times and the Newmarket Handicap eight times. Cummings was made a member of the Order of Australia in 1982 for his services to the racing industry. In 1991, he was inducted into the Sport Australia Hall of Fame. He was also an inaugural inductee into the Australian Racing Hall of Fame. He died on August 30, 2015, aged 87.